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遼寧省成人本科生學士學位英語課程考試

時間:2007-03-26 13:28:18   作者:遼寧省招生考試辦公室

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (0.5*30=15points)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C

and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer

 Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

1. If you want to start a business, you must have some______.

A. income                              B. wealth    

C. capital                               D. treasure

2. The beef used to cost three dollars, but now the price ______ 50 cents.

A. goes up                      B. went up  

C. has gone up                D. had gone up

3. Your answers on these tests are too much ______. You must have cheated.

A. like                          B. liking      

C. alike                         D. likely

4. All the other rooms are occupied. May I use this ______room?

A. bare                         B. blank      

C. vacant                               D. hollow

5. The picnic was _______ because of the rain.

A. called for                   B. called out 

C. called on                     D. called off

6. Those people once had fame and fortune; now ____is left to them is utter poverty.

A. all what                     B. all which 

C. that all                             D. all that

7. We were ______ for half an hour in the traffic jam and so we missed the train.

A. held out                     B. held on   

C. held up                            D. held down

8. If he can ______ the speed, he will win the race.

A. maintain                    B. contain   

C. make                       D. take

9. They ______ that the library be kept open during the holidays.

A. convinced                  B. persuaded 

C. impressed                   D. urged

10. With her children _______, she is now taking on more work responsibilities.

A. growing up                B. to grow up 

C. have grown up             D. grown up

11. Seven years old _______,Tom likes all kinds of _____ games.

A. as he is …puzzling                     B. as is he… puzzling

C. as he is …puzzled                   D. as is he…puzzled

12.    ______ enter university one day, I would work hard.

A. Would I ever                B. Ever would I

C. Ever should I               D. Should I ever

13. If only he _______what I tell him, but he won’t.

A. had done                 B. would do 

C. would have done          D. has done

14. The doctor insisted that the patient_____ for three months.

   A. not to work too hard       B. to take some vacations

   C. took it easy              D. should take it easy

15.    ______ what to do, the man telephoned the police.

A. Not known               B. Not knowing

C. Don’t know                D. Knowing not

16. It’s no use _______with him over the matter. He will not change his mind.

A. you argue                B. your arguing    

C. of you arguing             D. you to argue

17. The early pioneers had to         _____ many hardships to settle in the new land.

A. go into                     B. go through       

C. go back on                            D. go along with

18. Some members of the committee were opposed______ the club members’ money to redecorate the meeting hall.

A. to use                               B. to using  

C. to have use                           D. to be used

19.    ______, glasses can correct most sight defects in healthy eyes.

A. When well fitted                      B. When fitting well

C. When being well fitted               D. If to be fitted

20. Through the window______.

A. did the fresh air come        B. came the fresh air

C. did come the fresh air         D. the fresh air came

21.    I’d rather the money went to a       ______cause.

A. worthwhile                          B. value         

C. worth                             D. worthy of

22. Law and medicine are _____ professions in most countries.

A. respective                 B. respected         

C. respectable                           D. respectful

23._______with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.

A. When compared                      B. Compare        

C. While comparing           D. Comparing

24. The basic features of the communication process are identified in one question: who says ______ through what channel to whom?

A. how                      B. when        

C. what                              D. such

25.No other quality is more important for a scientist to acquire_______ to observe carefully.

A. as                         B. than         

C. and                       D. but

26. When______, this building will be the highest in Asia.

A. completing                  B. it completes   

C. completed                D. it completed

27. _______, he failed to find a solution to the problem.

A. Whatever he tried hard               B. Whatever hard he tried

C. However he tried hard                D. However hard he tried

28. This problem is very difficult to deal with. It’s really_______.

A. convincing                           B. serious     

C. tough                            D. impossible

29. Unless you do something really bad, ______.

A. your job here will be quite safe     B. you’ll soon find a new job

C. you’ll be in big trouble         D. you’ll be fired

30. You are so lazy. The work _______ days ago.

A. should have been finished    B. must have finished

C. must be finished                D. should be finished

 

Part II Reading Comprehension (2*20=40 points)

Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

I

The college operates on a quarter system, with three 11-week terms in the regular academic year(學年). A fourth quarter is offered in the summer and is divided into shorter sessions(學期)during which only one course at a time may be taken. A full quarter may be earned if a student enrolls for all of the summer sessions.

In the three 11-week term, classes for five quarter hours of credit meet four full hours per week, and laboratory courses meet five full hours per week. Classes meet on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Fridays for one hour total time scheduled for laboratories. Courses for less than five-quarter hours meet for fewer hours per week.

Scheduled physical education activities and fine arts participation activities meet for one hour twice weekly or the equivalent time once a week.

In order not to interfere with class schedules at other times, Wednesdays are used for off-campus field trips, education participation assignments in public schools, off-campus physical education activities, faculty meetings, committee and council meeting and other special activities.

 

31. According to the passage, the regular academic year consists of_______.

A. three 11-week terms and the summer sessions

B. three 11-week terms

C. summer sessions

D. the four quarter of the year

32. In the summer quarter, a student can_______.

A. have more than one course

B. take only one course

C. undoubtedly get a full quarter of credit

D. take all the courses offered during the summer sessions at a time

33. Classes for five-quarter hours of credit can meet on_______.

A. Monday and Wednesday for two hours each day

B. Mondays and Tuesdays for two hours each day

C. Thursday or Friday for two hours

D. Monday, Tuesday, Thursdays or Friday for one hour

34. Scheduled physical education activities meet for_______.

A. two hours once a week                B. half an hour once a week

C. one hour twice two week     D. one hour once a week

35. The most suitable title of the passage should be_______.

A. Academic Programs           B. the College Calendar (日歷)

C. College Participation (參與) D. College Administration (管理)

 

II

Within fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes(集合體) for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything which goes into the dumps would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant waste would provide energy if nothing else.

The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only mental such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well.

  Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: first, it will pass through sharp mental bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solid; after that founders and rollers will break up everything that can be broken. Finally, the rubbish will pass under magnets, which will remove the bits of iron and steel; the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.

  The first full-scale(全面的)giant recycling plants are perhaps fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to move distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.

 

36.     The phrase “should be well on with” (Para.1) most probably means______.

A. get ready to start          

B. have achieved a great deal in

C. have completed what was started  

D. put an end to

37. What is NOT mentioned as a part of the recycling process described in Para. 3?

   A. Sharpening mental bars

   B. Breaking up whatever is breakable

   C. Sorting out small pieces of mental

   D. Separating light elements from the heavy ones

38. What is the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants?

   A. To deal with wastes in a better way

   B. To get raw materials locally

   C. To get big profits from those plants

   D. To protect the environment from pollution

39. The first full-scale huge recycling plants______.

   A. will probably be in operation in fifteen years

   B. will probably take less than fifteen years to build

   C. began to operate fifteen years ago

   D. will be built fifteen years later

40. The passage is mainly about______.

   A. the location of recycling plants   

B. new ways of recycling wastes

   C. a cheap way to get energy        

D. the probability of city environment

 

III

Play is the principal business of childhood, and in recent years research has shown the great importance of play in the development of a human being. From earliest infancy, every child needs opportunity and the right materials for play, and the main tools of play are toys. Their main function is to suggest, encourage and assist play. To succeed in this they must be good toys, which children will play with often, and will come back to again and again. Therefore it is important to choose suitable toys for different stages of a child’s development.

In recent years research on infant development has shown that the standard a child is likely to reach, within the range of his inherited(繼承的) abilities, is largely determined in the first three years of his life. So a baby’s ability to profit from the right play materials should not be underestimated. A baby who is encouraged and stimulated (刺激), talked to and shown things and played with, has the best chance of growing up successfully.

In the next stage, from three to five years old, curiosity knows no bounds. Every type of suitable toy should be made available to the child, for trying out, experimenting and learning, for discovering his own particular ability. Bricks and jigsaws(七巧板)and construction toys; painting, scribbling(涂鴉) find making things; sand and water play; toys for imaginative and pretending play; the first social games for learning to play and get on with others.

By the third stage of play development―from five to seven or eight yearsthe child is at school. But for a few more years play is still the best way of learning, at home or at school. It is easier to see which type of toys the child most enjoys.

Until the age of seven or eight, play and work mean much the same to a child. But once reading has been mastered, then books and school become the main source of learning. Toys are still interesting and valuable, they lead on to new hobbies, but their significance has changedto a child of nine or ten years, toys and games mean, as to adults, relaxation and fun.

 

41. The passage tells us that as a child grows up, _______.

A. he should be allowed to choose his own toys

B. he should be given identical (同樣的) toys

C. he should be given different toys

D. he should be given fewer and fewer toys

42. According to the passage, the abilities a child has inherited from his parents______.

A. determine his character

B. will not change after the age of three

C. partly determine the standard he is likely to reach

D. to a large extent determine the choice of toys

43. Who have the best chance of growing up successfully?

A. Those who tend to overeat

B. Those who are given a lot of toys

C. Those who are given toys, talked to and played with

D. Those who can share their toys with their playmates

44. We learn from the passage that a child has boundless curiosity(好奇心)______.

A. when he is two         B. when he is around four

C. when he is six           D. when he is eight

45. The passage is mainly about_______.

A. the importance of pre-school education

B. the importance of schooling

C. the role of play in a child’s development

D. the choice of toys for adolescents

 

 

IV

When television was first introduced into American society thirty years ago, writers and social scientists thought that this new invention would better American life. Television is going to bring American families closer together, predicted psychologist Joel Gold in 1949. Pictures which advertised television in the 1950s invariably showed a happy family gathered together in the living room, sharing the TV viewing experience. Who could have guessed that a quarter of a century later Mother would be in the kitchen watching a daytime drama, Dad would be in the living room watching a ball game, and the children would be watching cartoons in their bedroom?

Television has certainly changed American life, but not the way the first critics predicted. The first televisions were enormously expensive, so most families owned only one. By 1975, however, 60% of American families owned two televisions or more; some middle class families had as many as five television sets under one roof. Such multi-set families may keep family members in the same house, but that hardly brings them together. In fact, family outings ― hiking, going to the movies, going out to dinner ― are often limited by TV because one or more family members don’t want to go: “I’ll miss my program.” is the common complaint.

Perhaps more important than the lack of family outings is the destruction of family time together at home. Social scientists in the 1950s could not have realized how much television Americans would watch in the 1980s; the average American watches 6 hours of TV a day. That leaves little time for the special family characteristics and traditions that used to be formed during long evenings together. The time devoted to games, songs, and hobbies ― all shared activities ― in the years before TV is now dominated by “the tube”. And especially damaging to family relationships is the elimination of the opportunities for talking: chatting, arguing, discussing. Without   such communication, family life disintegrates.

Domination is the key word. Families in America today schedule their lives around the television. Children rush home from school to watch their programs while they do their homework. Mother shops between her special programs. The ski slopes are nearly empty on Sunday; football on TV takes precedence. The family may even eat meals in front of the television. Moreover, television is used as a baby-sitter; small children nationwide spend countless hours in front of the TV, passively ingesting whatever flashes before their eyes. Parents use the television as a resource of reward and punishment: “If you mow the lawn, you can watch TV an extra hour tonight,” or “No TV for you. You didn’t do your homework”. Ultimately, life-styles revolve around a regular schedule of eating, sleeping, and watching television.

Isn’t there a better family life than this dismal, mechanized arrangement? According to social scientist Mary Helen Thuente, the quality of life is diminished as family ties grow weaker, as children’s lives grow more and more separate from their parents, as the opportunities for living and sharing within a family are eliminated.  Indeed, if the family does not accumulate shared experiences, it is not likely to survive. Consequently, if parents and children alike do not change their priorities, television will continue to exert its influence on American family life as baby-sitter, pacifier, teacher, role model, and supplier of morals, thus supplanting the place of the family in society.    

 

46. The main idea of paragraph 1 is that______.

A. thirty years ago, television was introduced into American society

B. TV can get the families closer together

C. instead of bringing American families closer together, television causes families ties to grow weaker

D. mother, father and children all like to watch TV

47. In paragraph 2, the phrase multi-set families means______.

A. families with several televisions

B. families with two televisions

C. families with two radios

D. families with several radios

48. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Television has brought great changes to American life.

B. On Sunday most people watch football matches on TV instead of skiing.

C. Small children spent a lot of time in front of the TV watching any program they can.

D. It is easy for families with more than one television to bring their members together.

49. In paragraph 3, the word “tube” refers to______.

A. the television                   B. the radio 

C. the underground railway            D. the tooth tube

50. Which statement is true?

A. Children run to school for watching their TV programs.

B. Eating, sleeping and watching television are now the life patterns for very few American people.

C. The quality of life has nothing to do with family ties.

D. The family will disappear if parents and children continue to spend too much time watching TV.

 

Part III Cloze (0.5*20=10points)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

Human language is a system of symbols (符號). No other animal has a complex symbolic language that must be learned. Animal language is largely instinctive, 51_the basic human language is learned speech, composed 52     sounds that symbolize things, ideas, actions, and the like. The word “table”, for 53_, means a raised slab (平板) because we have agreed that it will be the symbol for 54 we know a table to be. Otherwise, there is 55_ at all “tablish” about the sound of the word. Written language uses letters or other 56          to stand for the sounds of speech.

We learn to read, often 57_considerable effort, by noticing or 58_ taught that groups of letters stand for the sounds that we already know 59 to speak. We learn to write, with even 60_effort, by learning to form the letters, 61_are symbols of sounds, and to put them together on 62_so that others can read what we “say”.

Since human language is a form of human behavior, 63 is nothing absolute (絕對的) about it. It has 64_ slowly throughout human history and will 65_to develop.

  66 the English language there are perhaps 600,000 _67_, possibly more, but most of them are 68_only to specialists and are rarely 69_. The average mature person has a use vocabulary of about 10,000 words and a recognition vocabulary of 30,000 70 40,000 words.

 

51. A. while           B. because        C. since       D. so

52. A. on            B. of           C. by                D. in

53. A. one            B. sure          C. example           D. ever

54. A. why            B. which        C. when      D. what

55. A. something          B. none                         C. anything          D. nothing

56. A. words         B. sounds       C. signs             D. letters

57. A. with           B. for         C. under             D. from

58. A. having          B. being        C. are      D. been

59. A. what          B. how         C. which              D. why

60. A. larger           B. fewer        C. greater             D. less

61. A. they           B. those         C. which              D. that

62. A. magazines       B. books        C. desk      D. paper

63. A. there           B. it           C. which              D. one

64. A. developed       B. reverted      C. survived           D. functioned

65. A. remain          B. continue      C. go                 D. keep

66. A. By            B. At          C. In        D. On

67. A. sounds         B. words       C. letters             D. signs

68. A. given           B. seen         C. felt       D. known

69. A. used           B. asked        C. talked              D. pronounced

70. A. from           B. for           C. of        D. to

Part IV Proof reading (1*5=5points)

Directions: There is one error in each line of the passage. Proofread the passage and choose the errors. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 

Where there were not natural gardens, the Japanese      71.______

A          B   C                 D

has made their own. Because the islands are so hilly,     72.______

A           B                    C               D

there is a great shortage of the soil, so every little bit     73.______

A                  B  C         D

is used. No matter how tiny it may is, every home has its  74. _____

A     B    C                  D

own little garden. It is a country worth of  a visit.       75._____

A                      B   C  D

 

Part V Translation (3*5=15points)

Directions: Translate the following underlined sentences into Chinese.

 

76. A transformation is occurring that should greatly boost living standards in the developing world.

77. In fact, there is no scientific basis for theories pushing the genetic superiority of any one population over another.

78. The mind, we now know, is not confined to the brain but is distributed throughout the body’s universe of cells.

79. Education concerning how to survive an earthquake should be a major emphasis for all government programs and earthquake-related research projects.

80. Officially, the U.S. Navy does not recognize the triangle as a danger zone and is convinced that “the majority of disappearances (in the triangle) can be attributed to the unique features of the area’s environment.

 

 

Part VI Writing (15points)

Directions: Write a composition with the entitle “The Advantages of Keeping Pets ” in about 100 words based on the following words and expressions given below.

Points that should be covered

1.        寵物是好的伴侶,尤其是對于老人和小孩。

2.        擁有寵物能夠使人們, 尤其是孩子增強責任感,了解自然。

3.        寵物擁有者要正確地馴養寵物。

 It is evident that pets are good companions.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Taking care of an animal helps people, esp. children, to develop responsible attitudes and to learn about nature.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

People should train their pets properly.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

 

 

 

 

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